>> announcer: this is al jazeera. ♪ hello, welcome to the news hour. i'm live in doha, our top stories on al jazeera. the u.s. defense department says a senior al-shabab figure was planning several extremist attacks. north korea warning the u.s. of a horrible disaster after a giant american aircraft carrier docks in south korea. un inspectors go to work on the destruction of syria's
chemical arsenal. and -- >> 2013, noble prize in physics to professor [ inaudible ] and professor peter higgs. >> we'll hear about the discovery that won the noble prize for physics. ♪ the united states has released the first details of the man special forces tried to capture in somalia. he is said to be a senior al-shabab operative. he has been active in neighboring kenya where dozens of people were killed last month when al-shabab attacked a shopping mall. he is also accused of plotting to attack kenya's parliament, to
assassinate top politician. let's go to andrew who joins us from the capitol. what more can you tell us, andrew? >> not a great deal is known about this man, but as the u.s. defense department pointed out the target -- attack and other attacks later on as well -- the u.s. navy seal special forces are known to have engaged in a fire fight with operatives in southern somalia on friday night. and the mission was unsuccessful in that the pentagon say that they aborted because they did not capture their -- target.
we understand a number of people did die, al-shabab operatives. that number we're not sure of. it's anywhere between one and four. but now a lot of work is going on in knitting together connections between various people revealed by u.s. sources and indeed also kenyan and somali sources. with me right now is matt brighton who is a security analyst and former member of the united nations monitoring group. matt what do you know about ikremah. >> very -- little is known about him. a lot of information is filtering out, some of accurate,
some of it lesson. what we do know is he is kenyan of origin -- [ technical difficulties ] -- but also with the foreign fighters in somalia. so a senior figure who has been very active in planning and in depreciations in recent years. >> now you have seen the intelligence report that has been leaked a week ago. and we see his name crop up in that as well, specifically on a foiled attempt to attack a number of targets listed, kenyan parliament one of them and the un offices, but he is down as the coordinator, and it is supposed to be linked also to al-qaeda and pakistan. what do you make of that? >> although he has been embedded with al-shabab, based in somalia and associated with the leaders
that we know from the al-shabab movement, apparently he has been extremely active across the border and has been monitoring cells here in kenya. so the fighters are now filtering back with the aim of carrying out terrorist attacks in this country. and then again he has been identified in the company of al-qaeda figures, such as a man who was killed a couple of years ago, one of british and lebanese decent, who was also killed in somali recently. so he seems to be at the nexus of three jihadist or extremist movements in this part of the world. >> now what do we glean from this, because as the intelligence report claims, all of the information about the
mall, they were specifying a mall and indeed a church was supposed to be attacked. but it seems what you are describing that the perfect storm has arrived. a coordination between three fairly lethal groups, almost free movement of these people from somalia into kenya. so what do you make of that aspect? does this strike you as breaking new ground, this attack in westgate mall. >> the targets were a range of targets, possible targets were known. the tactics have been used as recently as this year in somalia, and an intention was also known in advance. i think what we're seeing is a revolution of over a decade of
these three groups coming together. two have their roots in the al-qaeda east africa network, and now they all seem to have been involved in one way or another in the west -- gate attack with akrehma has someone who straddles all three of these networks at the core of this. >> thank you for joining us on the news hour. >> thank you -- so much. >> so there you have it. commission of inquiries going on into the westgate mall attack. there are still so many questions to be answered, and focus is also on the coast, where a number of people are being investigated. is also sorts of unconfirmed reports that arrests are
planned, and of course we had an attack last friday in which a clairic and three others were killed, allegations that the police were involved in extra judicial efforts. >> thank you very much, andrew. let's take you now to egypt where marches against the government are underway. these are pictures right now live from cairo university where students have gathered for demonstrations. elsewhere in egypt two soldiers have been killed after they came under fire. what more can you tell us about the student demonstrations, and how significant are they in the current political context in egypt? >> reporter: about a thousand university students turned out at the cairo university earlier on today. they are allowed to demonstrate
on university grounds because they have no authority over there. but if they ventured out to the square, one of the main squares where the muslim brotherhood held their sit-ins, and where the huge crack down did happen, they didn't stay in the square very long, because the interior minister warned on a televised interview last night, that if they did sit down in the square, then they would basically be dealt with, and no violence at all so far, they have gone back into the university grounds, but there has been violence in different parts of the country. there are other universities
holding demonstrations today. we're hearing from people on the ground that clashes started with rocks and bottles and even bird shots being fired. the security forces did not interfere, and at least seven people have been taken to hospital. you ask how significant these protests are. this is how the anti-coup alliance is opening to keep the momentum up. they are asking all universities to come out on the street for protests, and on friday they are calling for more protests. but as you see the defense minister who is the leader of this country at the moment has warned that the muslim brotherhood will never ever reach the square again. >> there has been more legal
moves against the muslim brotherhood, is this another nail in the coffin for them? >> that's right. they announced again today they want to dissolve the muslim brotherhood. this is how the whole banning of the activities of the muslim brotherhood started a few months ago when they came out and said they wanted to [ technical difficulties ] of their activities, so there is a growing strangle hold on the muslim brotherhood and the anti-coup alliance, a wider umbrella to try to nip all of these protests in the bud, and to show to the outside world that actually egypt is getting back to normal, and people are not really happy, but prepared to back the regime here and to try to get egypt back to normal.
>> all right. thank you very much. the global chemical weapons watchdog saws it will sde deploy a second team to destroy syrian's chemical weapons. ban ki-moon says there is unprecedented danger in the mission. meanwhile the fighting is continuing in syria as government planes bombed rebels who were attacking military basis. the syrian observatory said ten opposition troops and five fighters were killed on monday. as a result of the fighting more than 2 million syrians have fled their country. one of the countries that has
been sheltering a huge number of refugees is lebanon. zena the number of refugees continues to grow, how are countries like lebanon coping? >> the prime minister said that this country will start to take measures to prevent the number from increasing. lebanese officials say this country is hosting up to 1.3 million refugees. he said that now they have set a number of conditions. they are going to look into each and every file of syrian in lebanon to see whether or not his situation qualified for being a refugee legally. so lebanon saying this country
can no longer cope. we need help from the international community. and lebanon seeing social tensions as the result of syrians here. unemployment is on the rise, lebanese can't find jobs and more importantly of all, the security incidents related to the presence of syrians in lebanon. lebanon saying it can no longer handle this crisis and at the same time expecting up to 2 million refugees by the end of 2013. >> and banky moon is calling for a hundred more experts in syria right now. this is a country in war. is that feasible? >> well, we know the chemical weapons are spread across many sites in syria. we do not have information exactly where these weapons are, but we do know that war is
waging in a number of areas. the syrian government even trying to reverse its losses in the north going on the offensive, trying to open a main road to supply its forces in a contested city, so fighting still taking place in many areas of the country. a syrian government official even issuing a statement saying the government cannot guarantee the safety of the inspectors in areas where the military is engaged in conflict with the rebels. a very, very difficult situation on the ground. the un secretary general acknowledging that, but saying more inspectors need to be sent into the country for the disarmament process to be completed. >> thank you very much. still to come on this al jazeera news hour. [ singing ]
>> earnering less than a dollar a day, an army of child labor digs for gold in nigeria. and they are celebrating in l.a. joel will have all of the latest from the mlb playoffs. north korea has put its armed forces on high alert and warning the united states of what it calls a horrible disaster after a giant us aircraft carrier arrived in south korea. >> reporter: two developments of note in the korean relations on tuesday. firstly, north korea's statement attacking south korea and the united states over the joint military exercises that are going on, also involving japan.
north korea putting its army on alert saying it had to be ready to respond from any aggressive action. but more interesting is what the national intelligence service here in south korea has been stying the national assembly on tuesday. we're getting more information coming out of this closed session, a proper briefing now. and what is being said is confirmation as far as the south koreans have said that the nuclear reactor has been restarted and they did carry out a long-range test. and what they are saying about kim jong un himself. he has said he will reunify the korean peninsula within three years.
even if that is just trying to rally the senior troops around him, but he also now replaced more than 200% of the senior military in the last few months. 21 world leaders have promised to increase trade in order to boost the global economy. the pledge was made at the end of the asia-pacific summit. but they failed to agree on crucial trade pacs because of the abscess of u.s. president barack obama. >> despite smiles at a traditional photo session, the absence of one person in the picture was painfully felt. president obama's cancellation has created concerns in the
region. >> if the president cannot travel to an apac summit because he has to fix something at home. that says a lot. it says a lot about the american system, the broken politics of washington, and how the u.s. is going to project itself in a crucial state such as apac. >> despite these concerns, others have expressed their commitment to continue growth in asia. >> we renew our commitment to [ inaudible ] >> while apac is more about commitments and intentions than results, indonesia says there has been progress on crucial trade agreements. >> how we can actually convey a very positive signal and message to the world in the non-apac economies, that multi-lateral
trading system is still very, very important for all of us, and this is an economy or group of economies that represent 55 to 60% of the global, you know, economy. i think there is merit to whatever comes out of this. >> apac has been named a wine and dine event in the past. the focus is now on how this summit will be remembered in the future, if at all, but world leaders gathering to recommitment to economic growth during difficult times is seen as the most important outcome of all. all right. an update on the world weather now with richard. >> things are still looking very disturbed around the mediterranean. you can see the large clouds which have yielded very large rainfall totals. and we have had quite a bit of damage as a result of these
storms. nasty conditions here. the situation is getting a little bit better through the course of wednesday. still some rain but not as heavy as it was. we will see a change in the weather taking place. low pressure pushing through, and just 12 degrees in london. here in the arabian peninsula, the forecast for wednesday shows a high of 33. and the drop in temperature is due to the northwesterly wind. it may have some problem with some lifted dust over the next few days, but the trend towards slightly lower temperatures could continue. and a high of just 32 degrees on tuesday. thank you very much.
two scientists have won the nobel prize for physici physician -- physics. the two scientists were favorites to share the $1.2 million prize after their worth was vindicated by experiments in march. >> i would like to add my congratulations to everybody involved in this tremendous achievement. for me it's really an incredible thing that it happened in my lifetime. >> physicists called it the god particle. >> reporter: from the beginning there was the big bang when many scientists believe it all started. was at first a hot dense cloud of energy then formed into particles. these became the building blocks of our world, but why and how
this happened is a mystery. one theory was and continues to be tested at the research center near geneva, switzerland. here scientists have been shooting particles down a tunnel to see what happens. in march they found what they believe is similar to what may have happened. >> we knew so little in the beginning about where this park call might be in mass and therefore how high in energy machines would have to go before it could be discovered and it has been a very long development over the years of the technology of building machines at higher and higher energy. >> reporter: now that they say they know where and when to find the particle, scientists are
trying to figure out hot it work. they hope over time their work will lead to new understanding of the physical world and new technologies that could change the lives of us all. a new malaria vaccine has shown hope that it could help children in developing worlds. it is now hoping to get the green light from european agencies. now it has been more than ten years since nigeria passed a law banning child labor, but there are 15 million children working in the country. in the final part of our series looking at child labor around the world, our correspondent went to meet some of them.
this boy dropped out of school when he was at it, and joined the ever-growing number of people working in fines across nigeria. for him the pay justifies the pain. >> translator: with the little i make here i support my family and take care of my own needs. what option do i have? >> reporter: he says his parents are happy with him working but admits he would rather be in school with his mates. they dig for gold in tunnels hundreds of meters below the surface with no protective equipment. some have been killed or injured. this is the site where he and his fellow labors come to regularly for less than a dollar a day. this back-breaking job is the only viable option of getting
food for their families, yet despite the dangers they feel lucky to be here. the stones are brought here to be crushed and then the extraction process begins. [ laughter ] >> reporter: these are the dealers who fund most of the operation. they make most of the profit. they reject the idea that using children is exploitation. >> translator: they have the opportunity of a lifetime. most of the people here are from four families. but these young men support themselves and their families. they are better off than the educated. >> reporter: back in the mine his focus is to make money and probably [ inaudible ] there are millions like him in nigeria who are out of school and out of luck at the moment, and unless the government finds a way of stopping the exploitation,
millions more will never know the joy of childhood. the director of the african child trust in london says that basic poverty is the underlying problem behind child labor. >> i suppose the overarching problem is the age of poverty. i think a lot of people when they think of nigeria, they think of the oil, and they think of the wealth that is more in itself a veneer. below which is significant amount of poverty, and i think that some of the problems that you have -- your reporters highlighted are the ages that come to the surface when you peel off the veneer. i think the key issues are the government needs to redirect its
focus into the issues that surround poverty. those issues in my view, that of education, that of providing social infrastructure that would help the very, very poor in the community move out of the poverty level that holds them down. >> the island nation of the m l malldeez is facing more political upheaval. one of the candidates aledged voter proud to and challenged the result. and the former president fell short of the 50% needed for an outright victory. the new election will be held in 12 day's time. just hours after the supreme court ruling, masked men set fire to a tv station supporting the former president. ahead on the news hour, we
will be in brazil -- >> translator: i'm here for my kids. we want everything to be better, better salaries, better infrastructure and better education. >> there have been mass marches in support of striking school teachers. and a monumental new work is unveiled here in qatar. and we'll have all of the sports. we'll tell you why this porta rican boxer standings to make history in his first world title fight.
welcome back. you are watching the news hour. now our main stories. the united states has confirmed its forces tried to capture an al-shabab leader on saturday. he is alleged to be responsible for major attacks on u.s. interests in the region. north korea has put its armed forces on high alert. it is angry after a large aircraft carriers dock from the u.s. docked in south korea. and the global chemical weapons watch dogs say it continues to destroy syria's chemical weapons stockpile. now argentina's [ inaudible ] is undergoing
treatment to treat bleeding on her brain. it may have been caused by a fall in august. doctors have decided to operate after she complained of a severe headache. so what is the latest on this operation? >> reporter: the depreciation we are told began approximately three hours ago. it was expected to last about an hour and a half, and in about 90 minutes we should have the first medical bulletin outside of the hospital where the president was operated. now as you say, she has a brain hemorrhage, there has been some bleeding in the brain, although doctors say it is not a life-threating procedure, it is, quote, delicate. she had a fall or hit her head back in august. no explanation as to exactly why that took place. but for now the vice president
is in charge of the country. >> what are argentinians saying, are they worried? >> there is a group gathered outside of the hospital carrying placards saying courage christina. but perhaps as delicate as her health is the timing of all of this, just two weeks before the midterm elections? which the government is not expected to do very well. members of the opposition are insinuating that this whole health thing has been blown out of proportion to gain sympathy or to avoid having to be in public after an embarrassing
result. >> thank you very much, lucia. that's lucia newman live for us in buenos aires. tension remains after tens of thousands marched in rio de janeiro, and then [ inaudible ] broke into to banks and set buildings on fire. >> reporter: it was not quite the million people march they hoped for, but tens of thousands joined the teacher's protest in downtown rio. positive proof that the movement in brazil has not lost momentum. >> translator: politicians talk about education all the time, but in reality they don't do anything about it. so we are here demanding they make good on their promise.
>> translator: i'm here for my kids. we want everything to be better. better salaries. better infrastructure, and better education >> reporter: faced with growing pressure, the government agreed to increase teacher's pay. but the teachers claim education is being privatize. >> reporter: these people belong to a wider social movement known as the brazilian spring that criticizes the president and her policies. the strike in rio started over 60 days ago. some schools have closed in, and there is a sit-in. >> translator: privatization comes between a third-party immediates between the government and the school system. >> reporter: small groups set on
fire and vandalized government buildings. police fired tear gas to disburse the crowd. a sign of possible trouble in brazil when it plays host to the world cup next summer. the retrial of a greek journalist who published the name of 2,000 expected tax evaders has begun in athens. he was originally acquitted of breaking privacy laws after his publication, but court officials said it lacked credibility. it includes more than 2,000 wealthy greeks who have bank accounts in switzerland. it was originally given to the french finance minister. he accused politicians of removing the names of relatives.
let's get more from john who joins us now live from athens, so what is his defense now in this retrial. >> reporter: he says he didn't break any privacy laws. he says it is not a private matter if somebody knows you bank at a concern bank or not. he says he is a journalist who operates outside of the system of corruption as we calls it, a system in which politicians and media calude to cover up certain stories. one of his key defense witnesses, who is a member of parliament and sat on the committee of inquiry in to why
this list wasn't used by successful governments or wasn't used effectively to pursue tax evasion said the committee of inquiry was called to halt on november 1st last year, the day when he was first acquitted, suggesting that the government felt that a different tack was needed. now that is the implication of the defense of course. the government's position is that the judiciary is doing an independent inquiry, and the government has its own methods to pursue tax evasion. it has sent members of parliament to the prosecutor for investigation, following initial investigations that some of them did have irregularities. this happened when the government was newly elected last year, so there are two views of how determined this government is to pursue the
matter. >> so what are the political repercussions likely to be, john? >> reporter: well, there have already been some. this committee of inquiry has already indicted a former finance minister and two former heads of the financial crime squad for probable negligence in pursuing and using the laguard list, and pursuing tax vaters. they feel these three officials can and should stand trial in a special court to be set up by parliament in order to further investigate whether there are criminal liabilities. this trial helps to highlight the political sensitivity of that matter in parliament and society at large where the middle class has born the brunt of the measures that the government has showered upon it,
in order to meet its obligations towards international creditors. a lot of the middle class feel the rich and privileges have simply not been called to account, that there hasn't been enough transparency in a certain section of society in order to pull their weight. >> thank you very much, john. . in greece a former defense minister has been jailed for 20 years on corruption charges. he was convicted of taking bribes. the 73-year-old denied the charges claiming the trial was politically motivated. >> translator: i am convinced and i say this with sadness that it was a political decision. the legal tools are laughable and the practicing lawyers know what happened, and this is why we're going to appeal. and we think that true legal justice will be served and not political revenge.
spain's government has angered environmentalists by introducing a new tax on solar panel. and people with solar panels will also be stopped from selling excess power back to the grid. >> reporter: it's a complete about turn for spanish solar energy. and complete 180 for those who are encouraged to put in solar power. >> translator: it's illogical that your government asks for your support, and then leafs you in the gutter. in my house we don't even have heating. it's really sad. >> reporter: if the government's new tax clears parliament, this solar farm and others like it will probably die. there are people here and abroad who are scratching their heads at the moment trying to work out what the spanish government is
doing, aside from ruining people like this, the regulatory changes seem to go against pretty much everything that is being done globally to try to encourage the growth of renewable energies. and they what it boils down to is a tax on the sun. anyone who doesn't hook their panels up to the grid, anyone who doesn't will face a fine. the solar representatives are shocked. >> after years to hear when solar energy will be competitive. now we are competitive. and now when we are competitive, the government don't want us to be competitive. and they put a tax that is an economical barrier that don't allow us to be in the market. >> reporter: for years excessive spanish governments have
supported all sorts of technologies with generous handouts, but now the current administration is trying to claw some of that money back. legal experts say spain's energy finances are a mess. >> translator: the spanish government has a serious problem, the energy system has accumulated debts of more than 26 billion euros. in the long term this could contaminate spain's public finances. >> reporter: when it will be able to meet its 2020 targets is still a question. the italian coast guard has found 24 more bodies off of the island of lapedusa. earlier the captain of the
everyone is doing well, especially those earning minimum wage or less. andy gallagher reports from florida. >> reporter: newton works long days at the airport. his job pays less than $5 an hour, because he receives tips from customers. >> thank you so much. have a wonderful trip. >> but on slow days newton may only make a few extra dollars, and he is struggling badly. >> you see things that you go wow that would be really nice, and you pass it by because we can't afore it. the bottom line we just have to be able to take care of our needs. there are no such things as wants. >> oh, you want to thakt way. >> uh-huh. >> reporter: stories like newton's are heard all too often at the service employees union. it represents millions of workers across the u.s. and the florida president says many firms are using the
economic downturn as a reason to reduce wages and benefits. >> the recession is used as an excuse by corporate america to say oh, we can't afford to provide health care, or a retirement plan. >> reporter: but many small business owners say times are still tough. this restaurant employs dozens of people at or below the minimum wage, and the general manager says giving his staff more money is impossible. >> i can't really raise my menu cost, because there is a limit to how much you can charge for the food, so profits are down, and when profits are down, it's virtually impossible to give employees raises. >> reporter: it has been four years since the minimum wage was raised and that's not likely to change any time soon.
long hours and poor pay means they are barry getting buy. so for millions of low paid workers like newton, any signs of an economic recovery means nothing. we start with the l.a. dodgers. they beat the braves to seal the series 3-1. a couple of solely home runs as they built a 2-0 lead. the braves rallied in the 7th but that didn't last long. there was a 2-run homer in the next inning. the first time they are reached championship series since 2009. on the pirates [ inaudible ] the cardinals won game four to square things 2-2.
the deciding game [ technical difficulties ] the red soxes beat the tampa bay rays on monday. evan longoria smashed a 3-run homer to level the score. then a massive comeback for tampa, he launched a solo home run to seal a 5-4 win. brandon moss broke a 3-3 tie. as the athletics defeated the detroit tigers 6-3. the a's took a 2-1 lead in their al division series. but the game got heated in the 9th. it caused the benches and
bullpens to empty, but no players were ejected. cleveland can close out the series on tuesday. >> i don't know what happened honestly. i know thatbellfor is firey. and it is ruffle the hitters. it can be in the moment, it can frustrate you a lot. obviously i think that's all that was. i don't think it was anything more than the two of them yelling at each other. the rangers beat the kings with an embarrassing moment for the kings. he allowed two goals for brad richards as the gangers took a
2-goal league. and then a mistake that left quick sending the puck into the net. india's supreme court has given the green light for the head of cricket in the country to resume his duties. he was reelected as the president of the board of control for cricket in india. he couldn't take up the role because of an inquiry. he is now allowed to resume his position. [ inaudible ] has suffered a blow for qualifying for tennis's finals. he stands just outside the elite eight-man field, but lost in the
first round of the shanghai masters on tuesday. hue wet crashed out in the cash against seppi. the italian will now face roger federerer in round 2. on monday raphael finally regained the world number 1 ranking. both players are in shanghai this week, and despite losing in the final in china on sunday, the return to the top is finally sinking in. >> it's something i never thought i would have a chance to be back over here in the number 1 spot. but the graces up ahead gave me that opportunity and enjoying that situation, knowing that
something is just a number, but it is special to be back there, because that means that i -- that i -- that i am playing great. >> mentally i needed this trophy and this win against him on sunday, and i performed the best tennis, probably in last few months and at the right moment, so i got another level of confidence, in winning it back, and hopefully i can stay on the road. to football now [ inaudible ] has been appointed as the new manager of english premier manager for sunderland. ghana host egypt in the first round of the world cup
tuesday. they asked to move to a neutral venue to avoid conflict. fifa is yet to make a decision on the march which is set to be egypt's first home qualifier in front of spectators. fans have been barred from games since february 2012 when more than 40 died as rebel fans clashed. a port -- porta rican fighter standings to make history this weekend. he is the first openly gay fighter. it has been a year since cruz announced he was gay and this will be his first shot at a world title. >> translator: i am free. i am happy. now i'm waiting for the 12th of
october to make history and be recognized. >> that's sport for now. >> thank you very much. the latest work by controversial artist has been unveiled near qatar. now it's making a monumental statement as is reported. >> reporter: incredible journey of life before birth this was the moment the top secret work was unveiled. damien hersh built his reputation on controversy. >> a large naked baby isn't sensational or shocking. so in front of fathers, associates and things like that, she's under huge pressure, but for education of women it's a great statement, it's a great thing to say this is real and
this is how it works. >> reporter: 14 huge cultures that document conception to new born. the centerpiece of a public campaign to get art and the debate it stimulates into the national psyche. >> it's to deal with education in the sense of building a society that can be empowered for the future in the very long term beyond oil and gas. that sounds a little bit dry. part of that is also about questioning about interacting with -- with new ideas and new things and new forms. and art is part of that. >> debate has already started. some people have criticized a statute depicting a moment in football as unislamic because it
depicts few man form. are five openings this week. including a blockbuster, his biggest exhibition ever, showcasing the pickled shark that made his name. many deal with death, but it's his mon -- mon meants to life that are likely to be remembered. it's at the intersection of a busy part of the city, and hospital is due to open in 2014. and each person that's it is going to have a different interpretation to both the value and the meaning. all right. that's it for this news hour on al jazeera. do stay with us, i'll be back
this is al jazeera america coming to you live from new york city, i'm del walters. congress appears to be more polarized than ever. you are looking live right now at a briefing room that has been set up on capitol hill in washington, d.c., that's where we are awaiting word from house speaker john boehner. it has been another day of political wrangling on capital hill. we are moments away from that news conference from speaker boehner w